Nutrition, enteral feedings, NG tubes: Terminology
Alimentary – pertaining to food, nutrition, or the digestive tract
Anabolism – The building up of body tissues.
Anorexia – loss of appetite
Aspirate – To draw in or out by suction
Calorie – A unit of heat. May be equated to work or to other units of heat measurement
Carbohydrates – One of a group of organic chemicals, including sugars, glycogen, starches, dextrins, and celluloses, that contain only carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
Catabolism – The destructive phase of metabolism, complex substances are converted into simpler ones, often with the release of energy, and cell respiration for the formation of adenosine triphosphate
Diabetic – A person with diabetes
Dumping syndrome – A syndrome marked by sweating and weakness after eating, occurring in patients who have had gastric resections
Dysphagia – Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing
Emaciation – the state of being abnormally thin or weak.
Emesis – the action or process of vomiting.
Enteral nutrition – also known as tube feeding, is a way of delivering nutrition directly to your stomach or small intestine
Enterostomy – A surgically created opening into a portion of the gastrointestinal tract
Gavage – the administration of food or drugs by force, typically through a tube leading down the throat to the stomach
Hematemesis – the vomiting of blood
Hyperalientation – artificial supply of nutrients, typically intravenously
Hyperglycemia – an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus
Hypertonic – Pertaining to a solution of higher osmotic pressure than another
Hypoglycemia – also called low blood glucose or low blood sugar, occurs when blood glucose drops below normal levels
Ileus – is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract
Jejunostomy – the surgical creation of an opening (fistula) through the skin at the front of the abdomen and the wall of the jejunum (part of the small intestine). It can be performed either endoscopically, or with formal surgery
Lavage – washing out of a cavity
Lumen – A space within an artery, vein intestine, or tube
Malnutrition – Any disease-promoting condition due to either an inadequate or an excessive exposure to nutrients, i.e. undernutrition or over nutrition
Nasogastric tube – s a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.
Parenteral nutrition – is feeding a person intravenously, bypassing the usual process of eating and digestion. The person receives nutritional formulae that contain nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, lipids and added vitamins and dietary minerals.
PEG: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy – an endoscopic medical procedure in which a tube (PEG tube) is passed into a patient’s stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate (for example, because of dysphagia or sedation)