Nutrition, enteral feedings, NG tubes: Terminology

Nutrition, enteral feedings, NG tubes: Terminology

Alimentary – pertaining to food, nutrition, or the digestive tract

Anabolism – The building up of body tissues.

Anorexia – loss of appetite

Aspirate – To draw in or out by suction

Calorie – A unit of heat. May be equated to work or to other units of heat measurement

Carbohydrates – One of a group of organic chemicals, including sugars, glycogen, starches, dextrins, and celluloses, that contain only carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen

Catabolism – The destructive phase of metabolism, complex substances are converted into simpler ones, often with the release of energy, and cell respiration for the formation of adenosine triphosphate

Diabetic – A person with diabetes


Dumping syndrome  – A syndrome marked by sweating and weakness after eating, occurring in patients who have had gastric resections

Dysphagia  – Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing

Emaciation – the state of being abnormally thin or weak.

Emesis – the action or process of vomiting.

Enteral nutrition – also known as tube feeding, is a way of delivering nutrition directly to your stomach or small intestine

Enterostomy – A surgically created opening into a portion of the gastrointestinal tract

Gavage – the administration of food or drugs by force, typically through a tube leading down the throat to the stomach

Hematemesis – the vomiting of blood

Hyperalientation – artificial supply of nutrients, typically intravenously

Hyperglycemia – an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus

Hypertonic – Pertaining to a solution of higher osmotic pressure than another

Hypoglycemia – also called low blood glucose or low blood sugar, occurs when blood glucose drops below normal levels


Ileus – is a disruption of the normal propulsive ability of the gastrointestinal tract

Jejunostomy – the surgical creation of an opening (fistula) through the skin at the front of the abdomen and the wall of the jejunum (part of the small intestine). It can be performed either endoscopically, or with formal surgery

Lavage – washing out of a cavity

Lumen – A space within an artery, vein intestine, or tube

Malnutrition – Any disease-promoting condition due to either an inadequate or an excessive exposure to nutrients, i.e. undernutrition or over nutrition

Nasogastric tube – s a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.

Parenteral nutrition – is feeding a person intravenously, bypassing the usual process of eating and digestion. The person receives nutritional formulae that contain nutrients such as glucose, amino acids, lipids and added vitamins and dietary minerals.

PEG: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy  – an endoscopic medical procedure in which a tube (PEG tube) is passed into a patient’s stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate (for example, because of dysphagia or sedation)


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